1986: Recognition of transgender people
In 1986, after a prolonged campaign of letter-writing and lobbying, transgender model and dancer Estelle Asmodelle won the right to amend her birth certificate to reflect her gender identity. The change meant it became possible for transgender people to have their documentation corrected; it subsequently became possible to change passports as well, with difficulty. The right to be legally recognised was an enormous milestone for the transgender community, which continues to face discrimination and harassment today. Asmodelle, and other pioneers in the transgender rights movement, are still active in providing support to LGBTI people.
From 2011, the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade introduced new guidelines making it much easier for transgender and intersex Australians to hold correct passports. The guidelines removed the requirement for gender confirmation surgery in order to alter the gender on a passport, and gave three options – male, female or X.