The Great Divide
WARNING: Paragraph contains 80s British comedy references.
If you’ve ever watched Blackadder the Third, you’ll know some of this already. Formal parties as we know them today date from the early eighteenth century. Politics in Britain at that time was divided over issues of religion and power. Broadly, factions endorsed either the idea of more democratic rights and less power for the crown, and the opposite (this is a massive oversimplification, but we have to get down to basics here).